Wonders of World
Hanging Gardens of Babylon:
One of seven wonders of world is the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and it is the only one whose location not been established yet. Some people said that it was built in the Babylon a city of Iraq today called Hillah, Babil province. Hanging Gardens of Babylon were first wrote in 290 BC by a Babylonian priest whose name was Berossus however his quotations were later wrote by author Flavius Josephus. There are total five principal writers including Berossus whom descriptions of Babylon are exists in few form today. Those writers tells about the Hanging gardens of Babylon how, why and when they were built and irrigated.
Flavius Josephus (37 -100 AD) wrote about gardens also quoted Berossus as well. Berossus told about the Nebuchadnezzar reign and he is the only writer who gave credit to king in the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. He constructed the garden with high walks which were supported by stone pillars and by planting a pensile paradise and with the replenishing of trees of all sorts. He constructed the garden with the resemblance of mountainous country as his queen loved the mountainous view.
Diodorus Siculus (60-30 BC) used the quotes of Ctesias of Cnidus for the description of Hanging Gardens of Babylon. According to him the park was extended by four plethra on each side. The appearance of garden was built like a theater and tier to tier approach was used in building that garden. The walls of garden were constructed so costly and were twenty two feet thick, however the width in passage-way between two walls was ten feet. The galleries of the garden were so enrich with the nature, all contained royal lodging and received light and also were used in supplying water to garden.
Quintus Curtius Rufus (1st century AD)
quoted to the writings of Cleitarchus, a historian of 4th-Century BC. According to him its turrets foundation sunk thirty feet deep into the ground, the fortifications rose eighty feet high. The gardens were so high as the top of walls and it increases the beauty as the shade of tall trees. The garden trees are fifty feet in height and their trunks were eight cubits thick and also enriched with fruits and growing in the natural environment. The water used to irrigate it and it contained flat surface of squared shape stones that were too strong. With the passage of time the garden gradually become destructive due to natural decaying process. It has been said that it constructed by a Syrian king who ruled over Babylon. He constructed the garden in love of his wife because her wife loved the natural beauty.
Strabo (64 BC-21 AD)
wrote the Hanging Gardens of Babylon as follows, its writing based on the account of Theocritus from 4th century BC. According to him the Babylon walls consisted on three hundred eighty five stadia. Wall of Babylon were thirty two feet in thickness and height in between the towers was fifty cubits and height of each tower was sixty cubits. The wall was too wide and long that four horse chariots passed through it so easily that is the main reason why the Babylon gardens are called one of the Seven Wonders of World. The garden was built in quadrangular shape and each side contains four plethora in length. That Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built on the bank of Euphrates river so it can easily be watered.