John F. Kennedy (1917-1963)
35th US President, Politician, Civil Rights Activist
John Fitzgerald Kennedy is famous with the names of John F. Kennedy and Jack Kennedy, was the 35th US President. He served as the US President from 1961 to 1963 until his assassination. He negotiated with the Soviet Leader Khrushchev on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Kennedy described his domestic policy the “New Frontier”. He promised for the federal funding for education, medical and economic aid for the poor and to abolish the racial discrimination from the USA. He introduced the moderate fiscal policies to boost up the economy.
Birth, Early Life and Education of John Kennedy
John Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917. He was the son of a businessman and politician Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. famous as Joe Kennedy. Kennedy’s mother name was Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald-Kennedy. She was a humanitarian and a social worker.
John Kennedy got his early education in Brookline, he attended Riverdale Country School and studied here from 4th Grade to 7th Grade. He attended the The Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut from 9th to 12th grade. He was a mediocre student who excelled in English and History. In 1934, During his days at Choate he fell ill and admitted to emergency to Yale New Haven Hospital. After that in June 1934, he was diagnosed with Colitis in Mayo Clinic. In 1936, Kennedy went to Harvard College, where he got interest in Political Philosophy. In 1940, Kennedy submitted his final thesis at Harvard College on the subject of “Appeasement in Munich”, about British involvement in the Munich Agreement, and in the same year he was awarded the graduate degree with a Bachelor of Science cum laude in international affairs.
He also attended audited classes at the Stanford Graduate School of Business that year. After his graduation, Kennedy joined US Navy as a commander of a torpedo boat. Kennedy was badly injured by the attack of Japanese warship and He showed a great bravery by saving the survivors and he was awarded with the Marine Corpse Medal. After his discharge from Navy, Kennedy took part in the election for the U.S. House of Representatives from Boston and won the election. But he was very frustrated by the rigid rules, he later said, “We were just worms in the House”.
John F. Kennedy’s Career as a US Senator and as a US President
Kennedy won US senate election by defeating Henry Cabot Lodge II of Republican. He fell very ill during his days as a U.S. Senator. After recovery from long illness of spinal injury he published his biography Profiles in Courage in 1956, This book was about U.S. Senators who risked their careers for their personal beliefs. This book earned him Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 1957. In 1958, Kennedy was elected as a Senator again for the second time.
On November 8, 1960, As a candidate of Democratic Party, Kennedy won the presidential election by defeating Richard Nixon with a very little margin and becam the 35th US President. He became the second youngset President of the United States at the age of 43, after Theodore Roosevelt who became the prseident at the age of 42.He was also a first catholic president of United States.
He createed peace corpse in 1961. He also initiated the mission to overthrow the Cuban Leader Fidel Castro, this mission is also known as “the bay of the pigs invasion”. He arrange a negotiation platform for the Great Britain and Soviet Union over the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. His contributions for the betterment of Latin America and for communism in that area are incredible, where he established the Alliance for Progress.
Married Life and Extramarital relationships of John F. Kennedy
Kennedy married Jacqueline (Jackie) on September 12, 1953 in Newport, Rhode Island when he was a Senator. They had two children, John Kennedy Jr. and Caroline Kennedy. Both John f. Kennedy and Jackie were very young than the previous presidents and the first ladies, and were very popular among the media as well. Kennedy allegedly had affairs with a number of women, including the famous actress Marilyn Monroe, Mimi Alford, and Jackie’s press secretary Pamela Turner.
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
Kennedy was assassinated at the age of 46, on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, when he was facing the cheering crowd. Two bullets were fired on Kennedy by the murderer named Lee Harvey Oswald, Lee was a former marine with soviet consolation
Lee Harvey Oswald was also assassinated by Jack Ruby on November, 24.Kennedy was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, the second president buried in Arlington National Cemetery after William Howard Taft.