King Tutankhamun was famous by the name of King Tut Born circa 1341 B.C.E., His original name was Tutankhaten which means “Living image of Aten” while Tutankhamun means “Living image of Amun” King Tut was the 12th Pharaoh of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, ruled from 1332 B.C. to 1323 B.C. His name was written Amen-Tut-ankh in hieroglyphs. In 1922 the tomb of Tutankhamun was discovered by the two archealogist Howard Carter and George Herbert. The tomb was miraculously intact. During his rule, ancestral Egyptian religion was restored which had been repudiate by his predecessor Akhenaton, who had led the “Amarna Revolution.” In february 2010, the DNA test result confirmed that Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten (mummy KV55).but that his mother was not one of Akhenaten’s known wives. His mother was possibly one of his father’s five sisters. Tutankhamun’s mother was found through the DNA testing of a mummy designated as ‘The Younger Lady’ (KV35YL)
He is apparently one of the best known pharaohs of ancient Egypt, He was just a boy when he became a king of 18th Egyptian dynasty. He was the son of the mighty Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV.Although in his short period of rule he achieved a little but the discovery of his tomb in 1922 has opened many ways to decipher the secrets to his life and death.
King Tut’s Early Life
Tutankhamun was born circa 1341 B.C.It was the time when egypt suffering from great social and political disruption.His Father Akhenaten had restrained the people form worshipping of many Gods and favoured to worship only one God, Aten, the sun disk. But as soon as Tutankhamun ascended to the throne he again favoured the polytheism instead of monotheism. The reason was to restore the powers of the priests which was nullified by his father favouring one God, Aten, and who transformed the old traditional economy to run by the new local government administrators and military commanders. He married his half sister Anekhesenpaaten which was changed to Anekhesenamun later. According to the computed tomography studies, released in 2011, They had two daughters both were stillborn, one daughter died at 5-6 months of pregnancy and the other at 9 months of pregnancy but the cause of the death still unknown.
Akhenaten forced the people to honor Aten, this religious alteration threw ancient Egyptian society into disarray.The old capital of Thebes was moved to the new capital of Armana.In these efforts of religious transformation by Akhenaten both interior and foreign affairs were neglected which resulted in anarchy.
Tutankhamun’s Reign and old traditional restoration
Tutankhamun had very powerful advisors like General Horemheb and the Vizier Ay. Horemheb was appointed by the king as “Lord of the Land” to maintain the law.Initially in the first year of Tutankhamun reign was controlled by and Elder Vizier Ay. He made a lot of changes and restored the supremecy of god Amun which was nullified by his father in his reign and replaced with god Aten.Tutankhaten changed his name to Tutankhamun which means “the living image of Amun” .
The relations with other kingdoms was neglected during the reign of Akhenaten which was restored by Tutankhamun in particular with Mitanni.Gifts from various countries found in his tom which suggested that he remained successful in his diplomatic mission and was able to make good relations with the neighbouring country. during Tutankhamun’s reign, Egypt fought battles with Nubians and Asiatics over territory and control of trade routes. Tutankhamun was good at archery and other military tactics but there is no evidence whether he saw any military action or not.
Tutankhamun resotred old traditions on the aspirations that god would become merciful on Egypt once again.He also orderd for the construction of the temple of Karnak and repair of the holy sites.He also supervised the consturction of the red granite lions at Soleb.
TutanKhamun’s Death and Burial
The death of Tutankhamun has been a considerable debate among the archealogists and microbiologist, because there is no records of the final days of Tutankhamun’s life.so there is no such evidence foudn which show the cause of Tutankhamun’s death.According the microbiologist Ralph Mitchell that his burial may have been sudden. There are also some speculations of Tutankhamun’s assasination. another speculation is that his death caused by Malaria according to the DNA conducted in 2010. with the death of Tutankhamun and his two stillborn children the Thutmosid family line came to an end.After Tutankhamun’s death Vizier Ay married Tutankhamu’s widow Ankhesenamun and became pharaoh.
Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb relatively small to his status in the Valley of the Kings . There is a speculation that his unexpected and sudden death may had the cause of a smaller tomb, and he may had buried in a smaller tomb before the completion of a grander royal tomb, even His tomb was sealed after seventy days of his death to make him remain unknown for the coming geneations. The body was preserved in the traditional fashion of mummification.
The discovery of the tomb of King Tut in 1922 by Howard Carter and George Herbert has opened the more ways to decipher the mystries about Egptian’s Pharaoh. and this is possible only because his tomb is so intact that Tutankhamoon journy to the afterworld and his funeral painted on the wall and lot of artifacts were found in the tomb.Tutankhamen came to be called by a modern neologism, “King Tut”.
The most alluring item found was the stone sarcophagus containing three coffins, When the roof of the third coffin was lifted, King Tut’s royal mummy was revealed, preserved for more than 3,000 years.