William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, and is known as the greatest writer in the English language. He is famous as England’s national poet and given the title “Bard of Avon”. His work, consist of 38 plays and 154 sonnets, a few other verses and two long narrative poems.His work has been translated in almost all the major languages of the world.
Mystery about Shakespeare’s Life
Although William Shakespeare was a great playwright yet the personal history of William is somewhat a mystery. There are two primary sources which give us some clue about his life and the one is his Literary work and the other is official documentation of Church and Court records which only give brief sketches of specific events related to his life..There is no record and only some speculation about his religious belief, his sexuality and physical appearance.
Birth and Early Life
It is commonly believe that shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon, England. But the exact birth record does not exist.He was baptized at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 26, 1564.This is the only evidence of his birth on the April 23, 1564. He was the son of John Shakespeare who was an alderman and Mary Arden(the daughter of Landowning farmer).William was the third child of the eight and the elder one who survived. He went to King’s New School in Stratford.
Shakespear’s Married Life
William married Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582, in Worcester, in Canterbury Province. Their first child, Susanna, was born on May 26, 1583.After two years on February 2, 1585, twins Hamnet and Judith were born. Hamnet died of at age 11.
After the birth of the twins, there are seven years of William’s life where no records exist. Scholars call this period the “lost years,” and there is wide speculation on what he was doing during this period. One theory is that he might have gone into hiding for poaching game from the local landlord.
Beginning of Theatre in London;
By 1592, William Shakespeare produced several plays and was famous as an actor in London. Shakespeare’s plays were performed by only the Lord Chamberlain’s Men. which is a company that Shakespeare was the Managing partner and this company was awarded a royal patent after the deat of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, and its name was changed to King’s Men.The King’s Men company was as much popular at that time as Shakespeare name became selling point and on the top , and records show that Shakespeare had works published and sold as popular literature.
He wrote his first plays in the conventional style of the day, he elaborated metaphors and conceits and the language is rhetorical. However, Soon Shakespeare modify his traditional style to his own purpose.he was very innovative, Romoe and Julliet is the best example of the blend of the styles.In the mid-1590s, Shakespeare had begun to write more natural poetry.
William Shakespeare’s Work
Shakespeare wrote most of his great work between 1589 and 1613. His early work which were mostly Plays consist of comedies and this work from him is regarded as the best work ever produced at that time including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, This is regarded as some of the finest works in the English language. His two friends and fellow actors John Heminges and Henry Condell published the First Folio, In 1623, a collected edition of his dramatic works except two plays “The Two Noble Kinsmen” and “Pericles, Prince of Tyre”. which later accpted as shakespeare’s work.No Shakespearean poems were included in the First Folio.
In 1593 and 1594, The theatres in London were closed due to plague, his two poems were published on erotic themes, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece. both poems were very popular and reprinted a lot of time in shakespeare’s life.In the first edition of Sonnets printed in 1609 consist of His third narrative poem, A Lover’s Complaint, in which a young woman laments her seduction by a persuasive suitor.In 1599, two early drafts of sonnets 138 and 144 appeared in The Passionate Pilgrim, published under Shakespeare’s name but without his permission.
In his early work Shakespeare wrote several comedies which consist of, The Merchant of Venice, The witty romance A Midsummer Night’s Dream, , the wit of Much Ado About Nothing, the charming As You Like It and Twelfth Night. Other plays, Two Gentlemen of Verona,The Taming of the Shrew .After 1600,William Shakespeare wrote the tragedies like Hamlet, King Lear, Othello and Macbeth. Shakespeare wrote several tragicomedies in his last period, which consist of Cymbeline, The Winter’s Tale and The Tempest.
William Shakespeare died on his birthday, April 23, 1616, at the age of 52. but the death date is also a controversy as some scholars believe this is a myth. According to the Trinity Church records he was burried on April 5, 1616.
Controversy of William Shakespeare’s Literary Legacy
About 150 years after William Shakespeare’s death, doubts began to arise about the authorship of William Shakespeare’s work.Some Skeptics, assigned his work to the floating names of that time like Christopher Marlowe, Edward de Vere and Francis Bacon. However it is believed by the Scholars of Shakespearean that William Shakespeare wrote all his own work and they gave reason behind it that the other playwright of the time also came from ordinary backgrounds.They also put forth some evidences of the existance of William Shakespeare,The example in this context is the Royal records from 1601, show that William Shakespeare was also one of the members of King’s Men Theatre company, and this company performed seven of Shakepeare’s plays in the court of King James I. Another most circumstantial evidence is the personal relationships of William Shakespeare with the other contemporaries.